Nigeria is at the moment dealing with severe inner safety challenges, essentially the most severe ones being the Boko Haram insurgency within the north-eastern states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa; and the Niger Delta militancy and piracy within the south-south geopolitical zone, comprising Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers states. Moreover, there are safety challenges posed by violent crimes, ethno-religious conflicts, resource-based conflicts, trans-border legal actions, and election-induced violence. All these safety challenges undoubtedly pose some threats to the social, financial and political stability of not solely Nigeria, but additionally extending to the West African sub-region, the place greater than half of the inhabitants comes from Nigeria. This will as properly be improved upon.
At the moment, essentially the most severe safety threats in Nigeria are these within the class of discontent or separatist agenda, particularly the violent extremism of Boko Haram and the violent militancy within the Niger Delta. Whereas the previous makes use of faith as its platform, using such ways as suicide bombing, organized assaults on police and navy installations, terrorizing rural communities, kidnapping of secondary faculty college students and so forth; the latter is resource-based, and makes use of the management of oil present in its area as its platform, realizing that about 90 % of Nigeria’s income comes from that pure useful resource.
Probably the most existential risk to Nigeria’s nationwide safety is the violent extremism being unleashed by the Boko Haram group which has its major base within the north-east. Though the Niger Delta militant teams have been the primary to make use of improvised explosive units (IEDs) for his or her operations, the thought of suicide bombing was launched into Nigeria by the Boko Haram violent extremists.
Honing this all the way down to our nation’s political ambiance, the place elections have gotten a “do or die” affair, with most politicians changing into very militant of their strategy. It has reached a stage the place these searching for political workplaces purpose by all means to regulate the financial sources meant for the residents in the direction of their very own political curiosity, particularly the governorship candidates who create armies of political thugs whom they not solely arm with harmful weapons, but additionally present with illicit medicine with the intention to shield their pursuits even when it requires utilizing violence. It’s a well-known proven fact that the formation of the militant teams within the Niger Delta space and the Boko Haram sect within the north-east have been at one time or one other, a part of the military of political thugs shaped by sure gubernatorial candidates and politicians alike within the Niger Delta space and Borno State, respectively.